Fire Protection & Safety
Fires hit many companies yearly causing building damage, resulting in injury and so on. All these can lead to losing customer trust. Property owners have a responsibility to maintain their premises in accordance with relevant building and fire code. Fire protection and safety can help avoid costly fines and damages and help protect employees and visitors from potential injuries due to destructive fire bursts.
Fire Protection, Prevention and Construction Safety
A popular active fire protection system is the fire sprinkler system. This fire protection method involves the installation of a water supply system which controls water flowing through distributions pipes via pressure. Over 96% of fires are put out thanks to fire sprinklers. These fire protection systems are widely used and available at decent prices.
Deluge fire sprinkler systems also use pipes but with no pressurized air. They rely on a deluge valve which is opened when a smoke or heat detection system registers potential fire. Deluge fire protection systems are installed in high hazard area such as chemical storage buildings or power plants.
Building products are subject to construction safety codes depending on their use and function. Air conditioning and ventilation systems also follow fire safety standards. Fire codes apply to both new and existing buildings, focusing on property protection against destructive fires. The fire safety of building materials is tested measuring their heat release or smoke release resistance.
Fireproof insulation follows the same fire safety codes. Insulation is considered to be a highly flammable material. About 6 % of roof fires in Australia were caused by insulation catching fire, for example.
Thanks to latest technology, nowadays, good thermal insulation comes with fire protection in mind. Insulation materials are now fireproof, tested and proven to be fire resistant. This improved safety is to the utilization of non-organic materials which are less flammable. One of the most fire resistant types of insulation is fiberglass/glasswool insulation.
Fire can strike anytime, anywhere. It can be caused by an electric fault, portable heater tip-over, cooking mishaps and etc. Fire can quietly smolder, unnoticed for hours, and then suddenly cause the facility to burst into flames.
Fire safety equipment is one of the essentials every property owner should have at hand to protect family, employers or visitors. Most popular fire protection equipment products are fire extinguishers, carbon monoxide detectors and smoke alarms.
Fire extinguishers are available in 3 main types, A, B and C. This is the rating that corresponds to their fire-fighting properties, how big and what type of fire then can be used to put out. In order for the fire protection equipment to serve its purpose, in the unlikely event of fire, it should be properly maintained. Checking the gauge every other month is a good way to make sure it is in the green zone, pressurized and ready.
There are 2 types of smoke alarm detectors – ionization and photoelectric. Despite the fact that both types detect smoke and fire effectively, the best smoke alarms actually have both technologies integrated.
Fireproofing is a passive fire protection. Fireproof materials are designed to resist heat and withstand burning. Fire resistant materials are used in firefighters bunker gear. Fireproof materials and systems can be applied to building structures to improve fire resistance. They may be used to raise the critical temperature levels that a structure can withstand. Structural steel, for example, burns at 540 °C. Concrete linings and vessel skirts are used in oil refineries with the intent to keep structural steel below the critical temperature.