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Building Materials, Structures and Elements Choosing building materials for any project involves thorough consideration of initial and ongoing costs, material performance, availability and environmental impact. Recycling once finished is also an important thing to think about.
Sub Category

Building Materials Suitable for Any Architectural Project

  • Aluminium Coil
    Aluminium Coil

    PT Starmas Inti Aluminium can offer its customers aluminium coils of different sizes.

  • U-Turn Removable Anchor (SAMJ-U TURN)
    U-Turn Removable Anchor (SAMJ-U TURN)
    Samjin Steel Industry

    U-Turn Removable Anchor is a removable anchor for the installation of temporary earth-retaining walls. A PC strand is bent around the U-shape anchor body to prevent accidental dislocation of the strand. On U-Turn Removable Anchor, Unbonded PC strands (grease applied inside the coating) are used for flawless strand removal, which requires equipment or machinery.

  • Roof liner film
    Roof liner film
    Polyplast Ukraine

    Our roofing membranes are suitable for a wide range of roofing applications and are available in several thicknesses and configurations. The roof liners comply not only with strict non-flammability specifications, but outperform most standards, environmental resistance and strength, preventing from stretching or shrinking. Roofing membranes from PTMC are developed to provide steady integrity and

  • Melamine-faced MDF
    Melamine-faced MDF

    Melamine-faced MDF is a panel with a dense, homogeneous structure, covered with decorative paper and impregnated with resin on one or two sides

  • Melissa 130
    Melissa 130

    Modern villa with panoramic façade. First floor living room with kitchen, with a covered terrace, two small bedrooms and a sauna. In the attic there are two comfortable beds with a beautiful view from the window.

  • Project Juhani
    Project Juhani

    JUHANI project built in the city Alajarvi (Finland) is an exhibition house Finnlamelli Oy factory.

  • Steel structures
    Steel structures

    Years of experience in the industry allows us to be leaders in the design and construction of steel structures.

  • Sheet metal processing
    Sheet metal processing

    New, but no less significant activity "Gasparri" is a branch of the cutting and bending sheet metal created with significant investment in technology companies.

  • Ondex Ecolux
    Ondex Ecolux

    Ondex Ecolux sheets used for roofing manufacturing, sewing walls, partitioning walls for small buildings.

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Building Materials, Structures and Elements

Choosing building materials for any project involves thorough consideration of initial and ongoing costs, material performance, availability and environmental impact. Recycling once finished is also an important thing to think about.


Building Materials Suitable for Any Architectural Project

Building materials are to be used sustainably which requires the utilization of recycled materials, those that are readily available or taken from renewable sources.


Aluminum buildings are primarily oriented towards detailing and decorative structures. The material is one of the most sustainable and energy-efficient available today. Compared with iron and steel, It has a greater ability to reflect infrared sun rays. 


Aluminum, when used as a roof coating, drastically improves the overall energy efficiency of buildings. Roofs can reflect about 95% of incoming solar energy. Aluminum buildings are fast to construct and durable. They require minimal maintenance, no painting and no cure time.


There are 3 main types of aggregates. Natural aggregates are sourced from natural sea-dredged materials. Recycled aggregates, on the other hand, are made of construction or demolition residues through reprocessing.  Manufactured aggregates are the third type, which are derived from industrial processes.


The Wide Variety of Building Structures

Building structures are in general an enclosed structure created to be occupied by humans. Any building involves more than the structure itself, but roofing, interior walls and ceilings, heating and ventilations systems and more. Some structural systems can be designed for seismic resistance and to perform better in natural disasters. 


Steel structures are most common in industrial areas, but today they are gaining more popularity and are widely used for storage purposes - even as an office or work environments. Steel buildings are economical and versatile. They offer unlimited aesthetic, design and engineering flexibility. Building with steel can substantially decrease the construction price. Prefabricated steel structures involve no onsite wastage of material – ideal for any project. 


Prefabricated structures are more affordable than conventional buildings. They allow buyers to have an energy-efficient solution with custom design without spending a fortune. Prefabricated buildings are pre-constructed and then shipped in pieces directly to the building site – but still meet the same building requirements as traditional constructions. They are faster and easier to build The overall time required for the construction of an average modular prefabricated house, for example, is 3 to 4 months.


Passive house standard helps home owners to reduce their energy consumption by about 90%, thanks to improved insulation, solar heat panels, heat recovery etc. Any building structure can be considered Passive house: offices, schools, stores or houses. These kind of buildings are among the most affordable and environmentally-friendly options available. 


Log houses are now seeing greater demand globally as more and more people are considering living in sustainable eco alternatives to traditional housing. A log home has a cosy and warm appearance with attractive wood walls. Log houses today follow custom design floor plans. They are built with construction-ready log materials delivered directly to the building site. As a basic standard for modern buildings, log homes also have HVAC, plumbing and electrical systems built in. 


Most Popular Building Elements

At the beginning of each construction project, the architect is expected to specify the building elements that are most suitable for the final design. These building elements fall in some major categories such as exterior walls, roof, walls blocks and so on.


Bricks and blocks have many advantages for construction. They represent the ultimate fire protection as they have a very high heat resistance. Bricks and blocks also assure proper acoustic insulation. Most energy efficient homes rely on bricks to reduce heating and cooling costs – keeping the property warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer. Bricks and blocks are mostly maintenance free too. No painting or sealing is required.


Concrete wall blocks are extremely durable, thanks to the steel reinforcement held inside. They can even withstand tornados and hurricanes. Blocks are not as damage prone as woods, and they require less maintenance. Constructing block homes is much cheaper than building a log house or a wood frame home too. Blocks are not subject to fire, water damage and pests infestation. 


The main disadvantage of using both bricks and blocks is repair costs. In the unlikely event of extensive damage, the entire wall section should be removed, which can prove to be very costly.